Safeguarding

Safeguarding & Child Protection Policy

Aims

At Kickstart we aim to:

1) Develop children in a sense of self-discipline and an acceptance of responsibility for their own actions.

2) Create conditions for an orderly, structured and enjoyable environment, in which effective and positive learning & development can take place. Mutual respect and fair play between everyone is expected as is an empathy and understanding for each others’ feelings.

We want to ensure that our projects are informative and enjoyable and in order to achieve this, the welfare of the children being paramount underpins our ethos.

In order to help achieve these aims, all of the staff involved in the organisation and delivery of our projects should understand the content and context of this policy.

Introduction

Under The Children Act 1989, a child is defined as a person under the age of 18. For the purpose of this policy document;

– The term ‘child’ will be used to describe all children and young people under the age of 18 years old participating in Kickstart led activities.

– The term ‘staff’ will be used to describe those employed self-employed or volunteer persons who are appointed by Kickstart to undertake specified duties and/or deliver training courses.

Staff should implement this policy using the following guidelines when conducting work that involves children. This will protect the safety and well-being of children engaging with Kickstart and that of our staff. For all activity and events involving children at least one member of staff should lead on child protection, raising awareness of this policy and its guidelines among other staff and where appropriate the children and other adult helpers/carers/parents. The ‘Lead member of staff’ referred to in this Policy is the Designated Child Protection Officer (Rebecca Johnson).

Children’s Rights

All children have needs and rights:

• The need for physical care and attention
• The need for intellectual stimulation
• The need for emotional love and security
• The need for social contact and relationships
• The right to have their needs met and safeguarded
• The right to be protected from neglect, abuse and exploitation
• The right to be protected from discrimination
• The right to be treated as an individual

Kickstart Child Protection Policy

In our provision for children Kickstart will ensure that:

• The welfare of the child is paramount
• All children, whatever their age, culture, disability, gender, language, racial origin, religious beliefs and/or sexual identity have the right to protection from abuse
• All suspicions and allegations of abuse will be taken seriously and responded to swiftly and appropriately
• All staff have a responsibility to report concerns to the appropriate child protection lead member of staff

Policy statement

Kickstart staff have a professional duty to take such steps that, in the circumstances of an educational institution, are reasonable to see that the child is safe from harm while involved in Kickstart activities. All children have a right to protection, and the needs of disabled children and others who may be particularly vulnerable must be taken into account. Kickstart will ensure the safety and protection of all children involved in its activities through adherence to the Child Protection guidelines it has adopted.

Policy aims

The aim of Kickstart Association Child Protection Policy is to promote good practice:

• Providing children and young people with appropriate safety and protection whilst with/in the care of the Foundation

• Allow all staff /volunteers to make informed and confident responses to specific child protection issues

Policy implementation

Kickstart Child Protection Policy will be implemented by adhering to the policy guidelines contained within this document. All staff working with children must comply with this Policy in conjunction with
Kickstart’s Code of Conduct, failing which disciplinary action may be taken under Kickstart’s Disciplinary Procedure.

The guidelines cover three main areas:
• Staff recruitment, support and training
• Staff conduct
• Child protection procedures

Staff recruitment, support and training

For staff (freelance or volunteers) working with children at Kickstart, safe recruitment will be ensured by checking their suitability to work with children (those recruited to work with children may be existing staff):

• At initial recruitment to Kickstart an application form is completed. The application form will elicit information about an applicant’s past.
• Pre-activity training including,
– The activity requirements and responsibilities clarified.
– Child protection procedures are explained and training needs are identified.
– Staff sign up to Kickstart’s Code of Conduct for staff and the Child Protection Policy.

• Staff will be selected on their suitability for the activity requirements and responsibilities and their ability to demonstrate that they can work safely with children (as determined by the application form and pre-activity training). Staff involved in a regulated activity will be required to undergo an enhanced CRB or DBS check.

All appropriate staff will receive a copy of Kickstart Association Child Protection Policy and a copy will also be available on the website. Awareness of child protection issues will continue to be addressed through on-going training.

Staff Conduct

Good practice guidelines:

All staff should demonstrate exemplary behaviour in order to protect themselves from allegations of misconduct. Staff should maintain their standards of behaviour therefore acting as a role model.
The following are common sense examples of how to create a positive culture and climate. Good practice means:

• Always work in an open environment (e.g. avoiding private or unobserved situations and encouraging open communication with no secrets). Never allow yourself to be left alone with a participant. There may be rare occasions when a confidential interview or a one-to-one meeting is necessary and in such circumstances, the interview should be conducted in a room with an open door or visual access. Where this is not possible, the member of staff should ensure that there is another adult nearby. Never make gratuitous physical contact with a participant. [There may be occasions where a distressed participant needs comfort which may include physical comforting and staff should use their discretion to ensure that it is appropriate and not unnecessary or unjustified contact]. Be cautious about physical contact in games. Where physical contact is inescapable (e.g. to demonstrate equipment or a particular exercise/move) staff should be aware of the limits within which such contact should take place and of the possibility for misinterpretation of such contact.

• Treat all children equally, and with respect and dignity. Staff should ensure that children are protected from discrimination on any grounds, including ability and challenge discriminating comments and behaviour. Activities should be designed to include all children and to promote positive attitudes towards differences.

• Be clear about what the objectives of the activity are before it begins and always put the welfare of each child first, before winning or achieving goals.

• Never contradict an instruction given by a tutor/ senior manager/referee/teacher or other member of
staff

• Maintaining a safe and appropriate distance with children (e.g. it is not appropriate for staff or volunteers to have an intimate relationship with a child)

• Building balanced relationships based on mutual trust which empowers children to share in the decision-making process.

• Conducting yourself in a manner that sets a good example to the participants. Be an excellent role model – this includes not smoking or drinking alcohol in the company of/whilst responsible for children.

• Giving enthusiastic and constructive feedback rather than negative criticism.

• Never using physical force against a participant, unless it constitutes reasonable restraint to protect him/her or another person or to protect property. If it is necessary to restrain a participant because they are an immediate danger to themselves or others or to property then the minimum amount of force should be used for the shortest amount of time. Remain calm and get the attention and support of other staff. The incident should be recorded in writing, with a witness statement (where possible), immediately afterwards.

• Never using physical punishment

• Ensure that should any child suffer from illness or injury they are passed on to the appropriate member of staff within the school/youth centre.

• Always refer any problems to the child protection lead member of staff.

Practices never to be sanctioned:
• Engaging in rough, physical or sexually provocative games, including horseplay.
• Making comments to a child that (even made in jest) could cause upset and offence
• Engaging in any form of inappropriate touching.
• Ignoring and not challenging Children’s inappropriate use of language and/or behaviour.
• Sexually suggestive comments to a child, even in fun.
• Reducing a child to tears as a form of control.
• Allegations made by a child to go unchallenged, unrecorded or not acted upon.
• Do things of a personal nature for children or disabled adults that they can do for themselves.
• Invite or allow children to stay with you at your home or arrange meetings off-site.

Challenging Behaviour:
Challenging behaviour is often a response to a situation, or a way to seek attention. If children are occupied there will be less of a need to seek attention and less of a chance for boredom to set in. Kickstart encourages and trains staff to involve all children in their own learning so that they are actively participating wherever possible.

The following guidelines can be used to deal with challenging behaviour constructively: • Be aware of what unacceptable behaviour is. Ask your lead member of staff if you are unsure.
Children attending certain activities will have been issued with a code of conduct or Golden Rules.
• Explain to children why certain behaviour is unacceptable. This makes children feel responsible for their behaviour and they are less likely to repeat it.
• Make sure it is the behaviour which is punished and not the person. Always avoid labeling someone as ‘bad’.
• If appropriate ignore the behaviour for a while – a child may only be attention seeking.

All appropriate staff will receive a copy of Kickstart Management of Behaviour Policy and a copy will also be available on the website. Awareness of behavioural issues will continue to be addressed through on-going training.

It may sometimes be necessary for staff to do things of a personal nature for children, particularly if they are young or are disabled. These tasks should only be carried out with the full understanding and consent of parents/teachers. There is a need to be responsive to a person’s reactions. If a person is fully dependent on you, talk with him/her about what you are doing and give choices where possible. This is particularly so if you are involved in any dressing or undressing of outer clothing, or where there is physical contact, lifting or assisting a child to carry out particular activities. Avoid taking on the responsibility for tasks for which you are not appropriately trained.

Use of photographic/filming equipment

Written consent to take and use images of children should be obtained from a parent/carer prior to the taking of photographs and/or video footage using the approved permission form. Kids Club HQ manage the online booking system for Kickstart and parents/carers are required to provide this permission via the portal. The level of permission can be amended at any time by a parent or carer logging in to the online booking system.

Child Protection Procedures

Kickstart will adopt the procedures as follows:
• Ensure we have a lead member of staff for child protection
• Ensure every member of staff knows the name of the lead staff member responsible for child protection and their role.
• Ensure all staff understands their responsibilities in being alert to the signs of abuse and responsibility for referring any concerns to the lead staff member. However, staff should remember that they are not trained to deal with situations of abuse or to decide if abuse has occurred.

• Ensure that parents/teachers have an understanding of the responsibility placed on Kickstart and staff for child protection by setting out its obligations on the website • Keep written records of concerns about children, even where there is no need to refer the matter immediately. Ensure all records are kept securely in locked locations.
• Develop and then follow procedures where an allegation is made against a member of staff or volunteer.
• Adopt a procedure for dealing with concerns about possible abuse.

What is abuse?

Child Abuse is a term to describe a range of ways in which people usually adults, harm children.
Often the adult is a person who is known and trusted by the child.
Child abuse is neglect, physical injury, sexual abuse or emotional abuse inflicted or knowingly not prevented, which causes significant harm or death. (NSPCC 1999)

Awareness of actual or likely occurrence of abuse

There are a number of ways in which abuse becomes apparent:
• A child discloses abuse.
• Someone else discloses that a child has told him/her or that he/she strongly believes a child has been or is being abused.
• A child may show signs of physical injury for which there appears to be no satisfactory explanation.
• A child’s behaviour may indicate that it is likely that he/she is being abused.
• A member of staff’s behaviour or in the way in which he/she relates to a child causes concern.

Issues of Disclosure

Becoming aware of abuse can cause a multitude of emotional reactions, which are personal to each individual. Whatever the reaction and however the abuse has become apparent, actual or suspected, it must be responded to in the correct manner according to the procedure outlined here. Even if the truth of the disclosure is uncertain – an appropriate response has to be made. A response in accordance with the procedure outlined here will be supported by the lead member of staff and ultimately Kickstart.

What to do upon suspicion or disclosure

There are some basic principles in reacting to suspicions, allegations, and/or disclosures. What to do, what not to do, stay calm and don’t panic. Don’t over-react. It is extremely unlikely that the participant is in immediate danger. Listen, hear and believe don’t probe for more information. Questioning the participant may affect how the participant’s disclosure is received at a later date. Give time to the person to say what they want, don’t make assumptions, don’t paraphrase and don’t offer alternative explanations
Reassure & explain that they have done the right thing in telling. Explain that only those professionals who need to know will be informed don’t promise confidentiality to keep secrets or that everything will be OK (it might not). Act immediately in accordance with the procedure in this policy don’t try to deal with it yourself. Record in writing as near as verbatim as possible what was said as soon as possible don’t make negative comments about the alleged abuser. Report to the lead member of staff and don’t ‘gossip’ with colleagues about what has been said to you. Record your report and don’t make a child repeat a story unnecessarily

September 2016